Surveying Legislation varies from
State to State
Surveying covers a very broad range
of activities, mostly without any legislation directly covering it.
Activities such as geodesy, GIS and the management of spatial
information are largely, if not entirely unregulated from the
They are of course subject to
stringent technical standards and are often covered by best practice
guidelines issued by organisations like ICSM (the Intergovernmental
Committee on Surveying and Mapping).
The major exception is cadastral
surveying; that is, the surveys that define the boundaries of land
parcels. In Australia, land administration (including cadastral
surveying) is generally a state responsibility with the major
exception being native title.
Each state has set up its own system
for managing cadastral surveying and cadastral surveyors.
Consequently there are differences between states. These can be as
minor as differences in terminology to significant legal
differences, for example, in the approach to adverse possession of
However, on balance, the differences
are minor. Cadastral surveyors are currently regulated in all states
by statutory boards known as Surveyors Boards. Prior to being
registered by Surveyors Boards to carry our cadastral surveys,
surveyors require further practical training after graduation.
The Reciprocating Surveyors Boards, a
committee that has representation from all the Surveyors’ Boards
in Australia and NZ, has minimised many of the differences in
approach between the States.